|Day||Area||Things to do|
|-||Intro||Resources: Israel Nature and Parks Authority|
|Day 1||Tel Aviv||
Getting there: Flight to Tel Aviv (Ben Gurion Airport - TLV). You can rent a car at the airport - some of the rental places will take you to the car pickup which is about 2 km from the airport in a hi-tech area. Mobile SIM cards (pre-paid) are pretty cheap and can be bought at the airport - it is acceptable to ask them to insert the card and activate etc. If you want a taxi, the airport has approved taxis - only these taxis are allowed at the airport. As you pass customs and then exit the airport hall, turn left and you will eventually see a queue of taxis organized by someone. You can ask them to put on the meter or fixed price. You can also take a train to Tel Aviv from the airport.
Hotels: You have expensive hotels along the beach road, but as Tel Aviv is easy to get around, most areas are good. Many airbnb offers and small boutique hotels.
|Day 2||Tel Aviv||Sarona Market: The Sarona Market complex was established to be the heartbeat of Israeli culinary art. On an area of 8,700 square meters and with 91 shops of all categories, stalls and restaurants, Sarona Market is Israels largest indoor culinary market and operates seven days a week. Sarona Market is an innovative, contemporary urban market that combines the old world with the new. A gourmet and consumer product market featuring imported cheeses from across the globe, premium balsamic vinegar from Italy, fresh seafood from the Atlantic Ocean, French champagne and spices from the Far East along with the best local produce - fruit and vegetables from Emek Hefer and the Arava, lamb and veal from the Golan Heights, fresh fish from the Mediterranean Sea, local wines, boutique beer, chocolates and hand-made pastries. A central place where you can experience the full intensity of all the flavors of contemporary Israeli culinary art under one roof.
Sarona German Colony Compound: Located adjacent to the Sarona Market, Sarona was established over 140 years ago by German Templars, Christians who headed to the Holy Land and created a colony similar to those found in Haifa, Jerusalem, and elsewhere across Israel (Beit Lechem in the Galilee, for example). The Templar Colony, established before even the first construction of Tel Aviv took place, became a leisure and commerce destination until, in the 1930’s a number of the Templars became engaged in activities with the Nazi Party. The British, who controlled the land at the time, declared the German Templars ‘enemy nationals’ following the outbreak of World War 2, and the Templars were exiled to Germany and Australia. With the Templars gone, the British occupied the colony, fortifying it, and creating there a military base which was attacked numerous times by the Jewish underground groups in the pre-State era. The British handed the Sarona compound to the Jewish leaders in December 1947, and the camp was renamed “Machane Yehoshua” (Joshua’s Camp). Sarona has become one of the hottest destinations in Tel Aviv, with the restored Templar buildings housing an amazing array of boutique stores, and eating and drinking destinations, as well as a visitor center documenting the history and restoration of Sarona, and beautifully landscaped gardens.
Azrieli Shopping Mall: Located about a four minute walk from Sarona is one of Israelis largest and most exclusive malls. It is part of a three-building complex where each is a different shape - triangular, round and rectanglular. The high-rised buildings are occupied by hi-tech, financial and a hotel. If you into shopping, this mthis may be an interesting place to visit; otherwise, give this place a skip.
|Day 3||Tel Aviv||Jaffa Flea Market: The old market of Jaffa ("Shuk HaPishpushim"), which has been given a "face lift" by the Tel Aviv municipality, is a treasure of antiques, handmade and second-hand items as well as hip and trendy coffee bars and restaurants. The market is located next to Jaffa's Old City and ancient Clock Tower. This port-side neighborhood of alleyways, covered walkways and outdoor verandas has been operating for more than 100 years across the same sprawling streets. Open six days a week, from Sunday through Friday (best day), from morning through early evening hours, this is where to go for finding those unique, one-of-a-kind items from long ago. Recently a number of trendy furniture and clothing shops have cropped up alongside vendors selling traditional Arabic pottery and ceramic items. Restaurants and coffee shops line the streets for weary shoppers to refresh and watch the crowds go by. You can spend a few hours (4 hours) here - I would arrive at 9:00 for breakfast and then meander through the alleyways and streets.
|Day 4||Tel Aviv||Carmel Market Carmel Market ("Shuuk HaCarmel") is the most famous of all Tel Aviv marketplaces. In past years, it was THE market for fresh and locally grown produce. However, in recent years, it has become very trendy with bars, restaurants, coffee shops and chef-owned food stalls. If you want a great experience of middle eastern markets where the workers at the vergetable and fruit stalls shout out their prices trying to entice buyers to their stalls, then this is the place! The market is one long alleyway, but it does have a few side streets. For a quick hussled bite, you can eat at Arepas - amazing Venezuelan food - or Bunny Chow (South African dish and run by South Africans) - curried meat or vegetables in a bun. But there are many others (Including Ethiopian - see below).
Yemenite District: This neighborhood ("Kerem HaTeimanim" or Yemenites Vineyard) is adjacent to the Carmel Market (see above) and was settled in 1904 by Yemenites who immigrated to Israel in 1881. It was the first area of Tel Aviv to be built outside what was then the thriving port city of Jaffa. This Yemenite Quarter, as it was later called, was the beginning of the new city of Tel Aviv. It is pretty authentic with still old and run-down houses, but paved alleyways and just calmness - you can still feel the authenticity of it. On Fridays after 12:00 or 13:00 it turns into a trendy place with music and small Yemenite restaurants offering fresh and just-made Yeminite humous and tehina with pita! I highly recommend as well the Ethiopian restaurant Balienjera (4 Malan St.). I had a full meal with Ethiopian bread (injera amde from the healthy and I think gluten-free Ethiopion wheat) where the vegetable dishes where placed on the injera. Beautiful Ethiopion-born Israelis - a must - great experience - Ethiopion music in the background! To access the Yeminite district, simply take one of the small side alleyways off the main alleyway of the Carmel Market.
Tel Aviv Port and Beach Front: This is one of the jewels of Israel if you love the beach and sea! Tel Aviv beach front is amazing. There are many different beaches, including one for those who are religious (separate bathing for men and women), beach for dogs, sailing beach, beach popular by the "gay" community and with rainbow flag sun covers, sailing beach, and the long stretch of beach. This is the exciting part of Tel Aviv! The Tel Aviv port is located on the northern end of Tel Aviv. It was Israel's first "new" port, but it's use was discontinued a few years after the establishement of Israel. It is now renovated and its surface is covered by a wooden deck. The place includes shops, restaurants and cultural areas..
|Day 5||Masada and Dead Sea||As Masada is just off the Dead Sea, it can be visited on the same day as the Dead Sea.
Masada National Park: A UNESCO World Heritage Site and famous to Jews, this ancient palace and fort is located on top of the Masada mountain in the Judean desert, overlooking the Dead Sea. Herod the Great, king of Israel, built a beautiful palace on the flat-shaped top of the mountain around 31 BC. When the Romans destroyed the Jewish temple in Jerusalem in 70 AD (second destruction of the temple) during the Great Jewsih Revolt against the Roman Empire, a Jewish sect (Sicarri) had taken over Masada from the Romans and established a place where Jews could escape to. They held out from the Romans and eventually committed suicide before the Romans conquered it. It is a fascinating story (told by Josephus). A great historical fictionl novel to read about Masada is the Dovekeepers by Alice Hoffman.
You can get to the top by cable car, winding path ("Snake Path"), or the Roman ramp.
Location: Google Maps It is located just off the Dead Sea. There are two ways to approach Masada - "east" and "west" side; once you choose the side, there is no road to drive to the other side. I went the side facing the Dead Sea ("east side") as this side has the cable car (and "snake path") that takes you to the top. This side also has a museum and a hotel at the base of the mountain. The road to this side is also much better (from Tel Aviv - Highway 6 > 40 > 31 which bypasses Arad > 90 on the Dead Sea road). For elderly etc, this is probably the best. The "east" side has the famous ramp to the top that the Romans built (with Jewish slaves). To get to the top, you walk up the ramp. To get to the east side you need to go through the small town of Arad (from Tel Aviv - Highway 6 > 40 > 31 and then enter Arad and exit its rear on to a small winding rode 3199). This side also has a camping site. For backpackers, it might be fun to sleep at the camp site and then go up the mountain and go down the cable car way on the west side and then on to the Dead Sea.
There are many hiking trails in the area:
|Day 6||Eilat Area||If you are driving to Eilat (road #90, which is from the Dead Sea), there are many community farms (called "kibbutz") along the way and whose ideology is alternative living - permaculture - etc. You can either stop over for a quick visit or spend a night at their guest houses. I highly recommend visiting two kibbutzim (located within 2 minutes from each other):
Kibbutz Ketura: This kibbutz is involved in research on growing food plants-trees in harsh environments (desert), alternative energy (has a solar energy farm), and does many colaborative projects with universities in Israel (patent on making pool-grown salmon have a pink color, etc.).
Kibbutz Lotan: This kibbutz grows dates and is intensley involved in permaculture - growing food and building (organic gardens and geodesic domes etc.). They have an eco-tourist center. Many of their members are anglo-saxon of origin.
Camel Treks: Take a camel ride into the desert. The place also has a rope park. To get there, after you pass the Dolphin Reef (Egypt border direction), keep looking for the camel sign on the right of the road and turn right onto a gravel and sand road. It's about 3 km drive on this dirt road to the ranch.
Underwater Observatory Park: This is not a very big aquarium, but it is pretty nice to visit. One of the main attractions is its underwater tower, which is located about 20 meters (my personal estimate) from the shoreline. It is connected to the shoreline by a bridge. When you enter the tower, you can descend to the floor level situated below the sea surface and see interesting fish and coral in their natural environment! Other attractions at the aquarium are the turtles and their feeding, sharks as well as other exotic fish as well as reptiles. The aquarium is located about a 5 minutes drive from the city center on the road that goes to the Egyption border crossing.
Ice Park & Mall: This is dome-roofed shopping mall with a few food places and a lot of entertainment for kids and the family. For entertainment, there is an ice skating rink in the center of the mall, roller coaster for young kids, a fantastic climbing area of a few floor levels for young kids (probably less than 12), arcade of all types of games, and more. This is a great place to spend for a few hours to cool off from the heat! The mall is located near the main hotels - between the airport and the beach.
Dekel Beach and Mosh Beach: Dekel beach is not a popular tourist beach as it's not that well marketed, but many locals go there. It is quite and perfect! It has a great swimming area as well as really good restaurant that looks over the water. It;s a great place to hang out and have your breakfast or coffee or whatever. You can also hire SAP boards and windsurfing boards as well as snorkels etc. Adjacent to this beach is the Indian/Thailand style shanti beach, owned by a famous Israel singer, Mosh Ben Ari. This is a beach for the teenagers and 20s/30s and up, where they have masssages on the beach and straw mattreses to sit around low-lying tables. Great ambience etc. The beaches are located just before the main cargo harbour of Eilat (about a 2 minute drive after you pass the round-about with fish sculptures going toward the Egyption border. This beach also has underwater diving lessons.
The Israel Museum: This is Israel's main museum of Jewish and holy land archaeology and art. The museum houses the Dead Sea Scrolls, the oldest biblical manuscripts in the world, as well as rare early medieval biblical manuscripts. It also houses a model of Jerusalem in the Second Temple period, which reconstructs the topography and architectural character of the city as it was prior to its destruction by the Romans in 66 CE. The museum hosts art exhibitions; check on their websit for the events. Address is 11 Derech Ruppin Street. Openinig hoursa: Sun, Mon, Wed, Thur 10 am - 5 pm; Tues 4 pm - 9 pm (free entrance for children under 18); Fri and Holiday Eves 10 am - 2 pm; Sat 10:30 am - 4 pm (free entrance for children under 18).
Bible Lands Museum: The museum is located next to the Israel Museum (above) - same car park. The museum has a lot of archeological findings from Ancient Near East, including Egypt, to explore the people and civilizations who populated the Bible. It's not a big museum, but has a lot of interesting categories, one of them being about the usage of seals and amuletmay. I did a quick self tour of about an hour and a half. Opening hours: Sunday, Monday, Tuesday, Thursday 9:30–17:30; Wednesday 9:30–21:3; Friday, Saturday 10:00–14:00.
Yad Vashem: This is the holocaust museum in the world, remembering the 6 million Jews that were murdered by the Nazis during WWII.
Herzl Museum: Very interesting museum about Theodore Herzl, the founder of the political concept termed Zionism for creating a state for the Jewish people. The museum provides a spectacular audio-visual program that gives you the opportunity to join the “Visionary of the Jewish State”. Note that Herzl wasn't the first to conceive of a Jewish state. Orthodox Jews had traditionally invoked the return to Zion in their daily prayers. In 1799 Napoleon had thought of establishing a Jewish state in the ancient lands of Israel. The English statesman Benjamin Disraeli, a Jew, had written a Zionist novel, Tancred. Moses Hess, a friend and coworker of Karl Marx, had published an important book, Rom und Jerusalem (1862), in which he declared the restoration of a Jewish state a necessity both for the Jews and for the rest of humanity. Among the Jews of Russia and eastern Europe, a number of groups were engaged in trying to settle emigrants in agricultural colonies in Palestine.
Old City of Jerusalem: Church of the Holy Sepulchre; Kotel Tunnel tour
Mahaneh Yehuda Market
Ben Yehuda Boulevarde
Old Railway Station
City of David Lights Show
Mamilla Shopping Center